NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY BUILDING
LAKE AND DEARBORN STREETS
JUNE 28, 1910
C THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, located at
Evanston, in an ideal college community, offers special
preparation for the professions, and for pursuits requir-
ing broad training.
C THE MEDICAL SCHOOL is one of the oldest, larg-
est, and best equipped. Seven hospitals are open to
students. Clinic material is abundant.
C THE LAW SCHOOL, the oldest law school in Chi-
cago, offers unexcelled library facilities and special
courses that prepare for immediate practice in any state
C THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING has its own
building just completed, beautifully situated, a model of
efficiency. Offers courses in all branches of Engineering.
Technical studies in a University environment.
C THE SCHOOL OF PHARMACY offers a scientific
training in Pharmacy, Chemistry, and Drug and Food
Analysis. Special courses for Drug Clerks.
C THE DENTAL SCHOOL offers expert training in
theory and practice. Facilities are unsurpassed. Its
clinic is the largest in the world.
C THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC affords a scientific pre-
paration for music as an accomplishment and a profes-
sion. It is located at Evanston.
C THE SCHOOL OF COMMERCE provides instruc-
tion in economics, elementary and corporation finance,
commercial law and accounting. Many lecturers from
business and professional life.
C EVANSTON ACADEMY prepares for college, for
engineering, for professional schools, and for business.
Chicago — Evanston
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY BUILDING
Lake and Dearborn Streets
VOLUME X JUNE 28, 1910 NUMBER 20
Digitized by the Internet Archive
President, Abram Winegardner Harris, LL.D.
OFFICERS BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
William Deering, Honorary President.
William Fraser McDowell, D.D President
Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D First Vice-President
Humphreys Henry Clay Miller, A.M Second Vice-President
James A. Patten Third Vice-President
Frank Philip Crandon, A.M Auditor and Secretary
John Richard Lindgren Treasurer
William Andrew Dyche, A.M Business Manager
GENERAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
M. Cochrane Armour. John Richard Lindgren.
William L. Brown. William Fraser McDowell.
Frank Phillip Crandon. George P. Merrick.
William Deering. H. H. C. Miller.
William A. Dyche. Josiah J. Parkhurst.
Henry Howard Gage. James A. Patten.
Abram Winegardner Harris. Irwin Rew.
Oliver H. Horton. Charles P. Wheeler.
Milton Hollyday Wilson.
October 4-14 Examination of credentials for admission.
October 4 School opens.
October 7-16 Examinations for advanced standing.
November 23 Thanksgiving.
December 22 Last dav of school before Christmas.
January 3 First day of school after Christmas vacation.
January 26 Mid-term examinations begin.
February 2 First Semester and mid-term examinations end.
February 3 Second Semester begins.
February 12 Lincoln's Birthday.
February 22 Washington's Birthday.
May 22 Senior examinations begin.
May 29 Junior and Freshman examinations begin.
May 30 Memorial Day.
June 13 Home coming Alumni Clinic.
June 14 Commencement.
June 15 Practitioners' summer course begins.
July 12 Last day of practitioners' course.
Abram Winegardner Harris, Sc.D., LL.D., President.
Greene Vardiman Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., Professor of
Operative Dentistry, Pathology, and Bacteriology, Dean.
Charles Rudolph Edward Koch, D.D.S., Lecturer on Dental Eco-
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral Surgery.
Professor of Special Pathology, Materia
Medica and Therapeutics.
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics.
James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Technics,
Prosthetic Dentistry, and Metallography.
Frederick Bogue Noyes, A.B., D.D.S., Professor of Histology.
Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology and Pathology.
George Amos Dorsey, Ph.D., Professor of Comparative Anatomy.
Charles Louis Mix, A.M., M.D., Professor of Anatomy.
Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia.
Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry.
Arthur Davenport Black, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Assistant Professor
of Operative Dentistry, and Assistant in Oral Surgery.
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative
Dentistry and Bacteriology.
Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative
Dentistry and Dental Anatomy.
Harry Issaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of
George C. Poundstone, Assistant Professor of Special Pathology,
Materia Medica, and Therapeutics.
Herbert Anthony Potts, M.D., D.D.S., Lecturer on Anaesthesia, and
Assistant in Oral Surgery.
NORTH WESTERN UNIVERSITY
James William Birkland, D.D.S., Clinical Instructor in Operative
George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S., Clinical Instructor in Op-
Huston French Methven, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Benjamin Waldberg, D.D.S., Superintendent of Prosthetic Lab-
Assistant in Histology.
J. D. Blackwell, D.D.S,, Demonstrator in Charge of Examining
Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Anatomy.
Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Special Demonstrator in Ortho-
dontia and Operative Dentistry.
Chauncy W. Courtright, M.D., Demonstrator in Anatomy.
Ashley Martin Firkins, D.D.S. , Demonstrator in Operative Den-
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry.
Morris Grossman, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Dental Anatomy and Op-
Walter Robert Host, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Glen Thomas Martin, Ph.C., Assistant in Chemistry.
Clayton Frank Bloomfield Stowell, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Ex-
Henry Robert Taecker, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Operative Den-
Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry.
DENTAL SCHOOL 7
THE Dental School was founded and is maintained for the pur-
pose of preparing young men and women in the most thorough
manner for the practice of dentistry, and for the promotion of
dental science and dental literature. No expense has been
spared in its equipment and in the employment of an adequate faculty
of skilled teachers, and a large force of demonstrators and assistants.
The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the
building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago, formerly occupied
by that school. It is now located in Northwestern University Building,
at the corner of Lake and Dearborn Streets, Chicago.
It occupies the upper three floors of the building and has over
60,000 square feet of floor space, supplied with modern equipment.
The Clinic Room is sufficient in extent to accommodate the great
clinic and the offices connected with it, it is of the best design of con-
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on the
sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. It may
be reached by elevators from the principal entrance on Lake Street,
and from a smaller entrance on Dearborn Street. Adjoining the
Operative Clinic is the Prosthetic Clinic, and on the same floor is the
senior Prosthetic laboratory for crown and bridge work; the recently
added laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work; an impres-
sion room; two rooms and waiting room for extracting. The system
of lecture rooms, three in number, is arranged on the amphitheater
plan. Each accommodates 225 students. Two are for the ordinary
class lecture work, and one for the Oral Surgery clinic. This latter
has a waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis and
the preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient beds
for the temporary care of patients. Other rooms are the Anatomical
laboratory, which is placed well apart, the first year and the second
year Prosthetic laboratories, the Operative Technic laboratory, the first
year and the second year Chemical laboratories, the laboratory for
Histology and Bacteriology, the photographic laboratory, the museum,
the reading room and library.
The location of the school is especially advantageous in obtaining
the great number of clinical patients needful in a dental school, it being
in the transportation center of over three millions of people living
within a radius of forty miles, any of whom can reach the University
building in one hour.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.
The candidate may be admitted to this school upon presenting a
diploma or equivalent certificate from an accredited high school or
kindred educational institution, or upon passing a satisfactory examina-
tion. The diploma must be signed by a superintendent of schools, or
the principal of a high school, or other responsible school officer. A
certificate showing that a candidate has been graduated from an accred-
ited high school, or from a school giving an equivalent course, signed
8 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
by a city or county superintendent of schools, or by a state superin-
tendent of public instruction, will be accepted as the equivalent of a
diploma. A candidate who does not present a diploma or certificate
must take an examination before a state superintendent of public
instruction, or his deputy, and bring a report showing that the candi-
date has a preliminary education equivalent to that to be obtained in
an accredited high school.
The deputy state examiners, appointed by the Illinois state superin-
tendent of public instruction, are Mr. Peter A. Downey, Room 546,
Cook County Court House, and Mr. W. E. Watt, 358 Dearborn Street,
Chicago. A candidate coming from another state may, if more con-
venient, take his examination before the state superintendent of in-
struction, or deputy, in his own state.
Students are not admitted to the regular course of study later
than ten days after the opening of the school, unless necessarily de-
tained by illness, certified to by the attending physician, and in this
case they are not admitted later than twenty days after the opening
of the school. Special students, not candidates for a degree, are
received at any time and allowed to select the studies they prefer.
Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline imposed
by the Faculty.
It is desirable that students should register early, since the order
of assignment of seats in the lecture halls is based upon the order of
CANDIDATES FOR ADVANCED STANDING.
Students from high schools and colleges wishing credit for courses
parallel to courses required in this school, should bring credentials
showing specifically the time spent on these subjects and should present
their note books written in these courses.
Candidates for advanced standing must present certificates from
recognized Dental Schools, and are credited with work done, as shown
by their certificate, if satisfactory to the dean of this school and to the
professor of the department concerned.
Students conditioned in studies of the course, and eligible under
the faculty rules, may take examinations for advanced standing in
Graduates of recognized medical schools are credited with one
REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION.
The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon those
candidates not less than twenty-one years of age, of good moral char-
acter, who have completed satisfactorily the required courses of study
and have passed the examinations thereon, and have completed all
technical and practical laboratory and clinical requirements. No student
will be recommended for a degree who has not been a member of this
school during the whole of the last or senior year, or who has not
done a full year's work in this school. The standing of students is
DENTAL SCHOOL 9
based upon examinations, reports of attendance, quizzes and infirmary
No student will be recommended for a degree until all financial
obligations to the University shall have been discharged.
LENGTH OF COURSE.
The course covers three years. Each year begins on the first
Tuesday in October and closes on the Commencement Day of the
University, the second Wednesday in June following. There are thirty-
two weeks of actual instruction given, six days in each week.
If, for any cause, a regular student desires to extend his studies
over a period of four or more years, a course of studies will be espe-
cially arranged for him.
The calendar will be found on inside front cover.
FEES AND EXPENSES.
The annual fees in force for the year 1910-11 are as follows:
Matriculation Fee $ 5.00
Anatomy Ticket 5.00
Breakage Fee 1.00
Registration Fee $ 5.00
Anatomy Ticket 5.00
Breakage Fee 1.00
Registration Fee $ 5.00
Breakage Fee 1.00
Final Examination 15.00
A deposit of $5.00 in the Chemical and of the same amount in the
Histological laboratory, is required of Freshman and Junior students.
These deposits are required before students can be admitted to the
laboratories for work or instruction in these departments. The amounts
will be returned at the end of the school year, less the charge for
materials or apparatus lost or damaged, while in the care of the student,
It NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
TIME WHEN PAYMENTS OF FEES ARE DUE.
The registration fee must accompany the application for matricula-
Tuition and the anatomical and breakage fees are payable at the
beginning of the school year, and not later than October 20th.
The final examination fee, for Seniors, is payable at the beginning
of these examinations, and before the candidates for graduation can be
admitted to -them.
The Tuition Fee may, at the option of the student, be paid in two
or three installments. If paid in two installments, $78.00 must be paid
not later than October 20th, and $75.00 on February 20th. If paid in
three installments, $55.00 must be paid not later than October 20th,
$50.00 on January 20th and $50.00 on April 20th.
STUDENTS' EXTRA FUNDS.
Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds, than their
immediate requirements necessitate, may deposit the same in the Uni-
versity business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on this
deposit from time to time as needed.
Lockers for the keeping of students' instruments, engines and extra
garments are furnished at a rental of 50 cents per annum. Each
student is required to furnish padlocks of his own for his lockers.
RETURN OF FEES.
Fees are not returned to students who are suspended or dismissed
or absent for any cause except illness, and then only as a special con-
cession by the Trustees.
HOW PAYMENTS SHOULD BE MADE.
Payments should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange,
drawn to the order of the Secretary of Northwestern University
ROOMS AND BOARD.
Rooms and board may be obtained in neighborhoods convenient to
the school at $4.00 to $6.00 a week. Rooms without board, furnished
or unfurnished, may be had at $6.00 to $10.00 a month.
A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in our University
Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this direc-
In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without
detriment to his educational work.
FRESHMAN SCHEDULE. 1909-1910
.a "2 o
Quiz or 1
1 to 5:30
1 to 5:30
The figures in right hand corner indicate the lecture room
JUNIOR SCHEDULE. 19091910
A. D. Black
s ^ <°
A. D. Black
A. D. Black
SENIOR SCHEDULE. 1909-1910
Lecture Room No. 2
Ethics & Jurisp
A. D. Black
? « •
<U I- W
Lecture Room No.
A change of some subjects in the Junior and Senior classes are
made at the end of the first semester. The schedule for 1910 to 1911
will be practically the same.
COURSE FOR GRADUATES AND PRACTITIONERS.
The course opens on June 15, 1911, and continues four weeks, with
six days of teaching each week. It includes two hours of lectures and
six hours of practical teaching each day, by members of the regular
staff of the School. Especial attention is given to porcelain and gold
inlays, crowns, bridge work of all kinds, the treatment of pyorrhoea,
and the most recent methods in Operative Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and
Orthodontia. The studies for 1911 are:
Operative Dentistry — Professor G. V. Black, assisted by Professor
A. D. Black, and others.
Histology, as Applied to Operative Dentistry — Professor Frederick
Oral Surgery — Professor Gilmer and assistants.
-* Materia Medica, Special Pathology and Thera-
peutics — Professor-
Prosthetic Dentistry — Professor Prothero and assistants.
Orthodontia — Professor Sellery.
Certificates are given to those who complete the course.
A. D. Black
Oral Surgery Clinic by Dr. Gilmer, Friday, 10:30-12:30.
The class will work in Laboratory and Clinic the other hours until
5 :30 p. m. each day.
PRACTITIONERS' COURSE FEES.
Registration $ 5.00
Tuition for one subject 45.00
Tuition for two or three subjects 60.00
Tuition for entire course 70.00
Graduates of the Dental School are allowed a reduction of 20 per
cent from these fees.
For further information relating to the Dental School, address The
Secretary, Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago, Illinois.
*This subject includes diseases of the soft parts as of the pulp, abscesses, diseases of
the gums, etc., as met with in the practice of operative dentistry.
DENTAL SCHOOL 13
METHODS OF INSTRUCTION.
The studies of the course are grouped by departments, the work
of each department proceeding from the more general and fundamental
subjects to the more specialized and advanced.
The work in the departments is planned with reference to that of
other departments, and the greatest care is taken that the whole shall
be so correlated that the student in taking up a new subject will find
himself prepared by work done in other departments.
SCHEDULE OF COURSES.
Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumerated,
but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases approved by
Each of the departments is presented under the headings as given
in the table below, separately and completely, and in alphabetical order,
and courses are described fully in the order of the letters.
FIRST YEAR WORK.
Anatomy a, b, c, d 14
Chemistry a, b, c, d .15
Histology a, b, c 17
Operative Technics c, d, e, f, g, h 19
Dental Anatomy a, b 19
Physiology a, b, c, d 17
Prosthetic Technics a, b, c, d, e 24
SECOND YEAR WORK.
Anatomy e, f, g 14
Chemistry e, f, g, h 15
Histology d, e, f, g .17
Materia Medica and Therapeutics a, b, c 22
Operative Dentistry i, j ." 19-20
General Pathology a, b 18
Physiology e, f 18
Prosthetic Dentistry f, g, h, i 25
THIRD YEAR WORK.
Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Dental Economics a, b 16
Comparative Anatomy a 15
Operative Dentistry k, 1, m, n, o, p 20
Bacteriology q, r 20
Oral Surgery a, b, c, d, e, f 21
Anaesthesia g, h, i 21
Orthodontia a, b, c 23
Special Pathology and Therapeutics d, e, f, g, h 22-23
Prosthetic Dentistry j, k, 1 25
14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION
PROFESSOR MIX, PROFESSOR VAN TUYL, DR. BROWN, AND ASSISTANTS.
The equipment of the department of anatomy is complete. The
large Anatomical Laboratory, on the top floor of the building, is well
lighted on the east and south by numerous windows, and in the center
of the room by a large skylight. The ventilation is perfect. The
equipment includes thirty-six dissecting tables of the latest pattern, of
metal with plate-glass tops. The floor is water-proof and has such
drainage that it can be flooded with hose and kept thoroughly clean.
Skeletons are provided for the use of the students. On payment of a
small deposit bones may be taken for home study.
a. Visceral Anatomy, Introductory Course — First third of first
semester. Two lectures and demonstrations a week. Professor Mix.
b. Human Dissections — One three-hour period a week. Professor
Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, Dr. Courtright, and assistants.
c. Anatomy of the Extremities — Two lectures a week. Professor
d. Recitations on Lectures and Dissections — Two hours a week.
Professor Van Tuyl and assistants.
e. The Head and Neck — Two lectures a week. Professor Mix.
f . Human Dissections — Two three-hour periods a week. Professor
Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, Dr. Courtright and assistants.
g. Recitations on Dissections — Two hours a week. Professor
PROFESSOR GORDIN AND ASSISTANTS.
The Chemical Laboratories, exclusively for dental students, are
large, well ventilated, and complete in every respect. One laboratory
is devoted to General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis, another is
arranged with special reference to the experimental teaching of Metal-
lurgy and to other practical applications of chemistry of interest to
dental students. In addition to the main laboratories, there are large
dispensing rooms, a balance room well equipped with balances and
apparatus for testing the physical properties of metals, amalgams, etc.,
and a room covered with a hood for carrying of! fumes, and equipped
for alloying, assaying, and refining.
DENTAL SCHOOL 15
a. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations.
First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin.
b. Chemical Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and
Inorganic Chemistry. First semester. Six hours a week. Professor
Gordin and assistants.
c. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations.
Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin.
d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys.
Second semester. Six hours a week. Professor Gordin and assistants.
e. Organic Chemistry — Lectures and quizzes. Two hours a week.
f. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys,
etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study of
cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for gold,
silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. First
semester. Three hours a week. Professor Gordin and assistants.
g. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry.
Analysis of saliva. Urine analysis. Second semester. Three hours a
week. Professor Gordin and assistants.
COMPARATIVE DENTAL ANATOMY.
[Note. — In the absence of Professor Dorsey this year the subject will be presented by
Assistant Professor Stowell.]
It is the design of the department to give in a concise form a view
of the animal kingdom and its classifications, especially of the verte-
brates, the forms of teeth in relation to food habits, and as weapons
of offense and defense; a study of the extinct species of animals of
the several classes, variations in tooth forms, illustrating development
through the geological ages ; the history of the changes from the
simple forms to the complex forms now existing. The Museum of
the Dental School is especially rich in skulls of the several orders of
the animal kingdom, and furnishes illustrations for the study of all
of the known tooth forms. The great collection of the Field Colum-
bian Museum is available for illustration and study.
a. Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; natural
selection ; changes in organs ; correlation of growth between parts ;
principles of heredity and of fixity of species ; tooth forms ; definitions
and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical mammalian
dentition ; classification of the animal kingdom, with concise descrip-
tions of the typical characteristics of each. First semester. Two
lectures a week. Professor Dorsey.
16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, DENTAL JURISPRUDENCE, AND
PROFESSOR EDMUND NOYES AND DR. KOCH.
This work consists of a brief statement of the important principles
of morals; an exposition of the special duties and moral obligations
of professional men to their patients, their fellow practitioners, and the
public, the more important contrasts between the proper ethical stand-
ard of the professions and those of business or manufacturing- pursuits.
The lectures on Jurisprudence follow, in the main, the text-book by
Dr. Rehfuss, and include qualification and duty of expert witnesses,
the importance of dental records, the limitations of dental practice, the
qualifications required and the liabilities incurred, the penalties that
may be suffered, and the defense to be made in case of alleged mal-
practice; the law respecting the practice of dentistry, the steps neces-
sary to become legal practitioners, and the duties and liabilities of
dentists with reference to the law.
a. Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics ; professional ethics ;
state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; dental jurispru-
dence ; general review. First semester. One lecture a week. Professor
b. Dental Economics — This course was established to equip the
increasing number of students without previous preceptorship in a
dental office with a knowledge of the business side of dental practice.
The work embraces practice building, methods of obtaining and retain-
ing patients, business relations between the dentist and his patients,
fees, accounts, records of operations, presentation and collection of
accounts, methods of economy in the conduct of an office. Second
semester. One lecture a week. Dr. Koch.
PROFESSOR FREDERICK B. NOYES AND ASSISTANTS.
The department is provided with a large laboratory, fitted with
seventy-one hardwood desks, each furnished with reagents, lockers, a
compound microscope with lenses and condensers, electric lights, and
other conveniences for preparation of specimens and microscopic study.
It is provided also with a stereopticon and projecting microscope for
demonstration purposes. Adjoining this large laboratory, there are a
professor's study, and preparation laboratory with a photographic room
fully equipped with all necessary apparatus.
The laboratory classes are usually divided into sections of not more
than fifty students. This work has been greatly aided by a large
collection of lantern slides from photo-micrographs and framed photo-
graphic prints ; and by a large histological museum containing sets of
DENTAL SCHOOL 17
microscopic slides sufficient in number on any given subject for a full
section of the class, illustrating not only all the ordinary soft tissues,
but also the peridental membranes, dental pulp, periosteum, and ground
sections of the teeth. These microscopic slides and sections, together
with those stained and mounted by the students, are used by the
classes for purposes of study.
a. Lecture Course — The construction and the use of the micro-
scope. A* study of cell structure and functions, of the elementary
tissues ; histology of the organs ; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and
skin. One lecture a week. Professor Frederick B. Noyes.
b. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of the
lecture course. One three-hour period a week. Professor Frederick
B. Noyes and assistants.
c. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week.
d. The Dental Tissues — Enamel ; the peridental membranes ;
periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other soft tissues of the
mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One lecture a week. Profes-
sor Frederick B. Noyes.
e. Embryology — A short course. One lecture a week. One-third
of a semester. Professor Frederick B. Noyes.
f. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of lec-
ture courses d and e. One three-hour period a week. Professor
Frederick B. Noyes and assistants.
g. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week.
The work in Physiology includes a course of two lectures a week
and text-book study with quizzes, in the first year; in the second year
the subject is continued, one lecture a week, devoted mainly to the
brain, nervous system, and the functions of reproduction.
a. General Physiology — The structure of the elementary tissue ;
the chemical composition of the body ; the blood ; the circulation of the
blood. First semester. Two lectures a week. Professor Wiggin.
b. Quiz Class Work — In sections. First semester. Two hours a
c. Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; metabolism ; nutrition
and diet ; animal heat ; excretion ; muscle ; nerve physiology ; production
of voice. Second semester. Two lectures a week. Professor Wiggin.
18 N0R1 HWES1 ERN UNIVERSn V
d. Quiz Class Work — In two sections. Second semester, i NO
hours a week.
e. The Central Nervous System — Brain ; spinal cord ; reproductive
organs; development. Lectures and recitations. One hour a week.
f. Quiz Class Work — In sections. Two hours a week.
This course is essential to the student's understanding of general
pathological conditions, and forms the basis of his studies of the
special pathology of the tissues of the teeth, the membranes of the
teeth; the correlated tissues, and the organs of the mouth.
a. Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutrition and metabolism;
diabetes ; fever ; general circulatory disturbances ; local hyperemia ;
local anemia ; hemorrhage ; embolism ; infraction ; thrombosis ; retro-
gressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and degenerations; necrosis;
inflammation ; progressive tissue changes ; neoplasms ; infections ;
granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by them. Lectures and
recitations. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin.
b. Quiz Class in Sections — Second semester. Two hours a week.
OPERATIVE DENTISTRY, PATHOLOGY AND
PROFESSOR GREENE V. BLACK, PROFESSORS ARTHUR D. BLACK, WILLARD,
GETHRO, DRS. BIRKLAND AND MACFARLANE AND ASSISTANTS.
Operative Dentistry in some of its forms is presented to the student
from the time he enters the school to his graduation.
In the first year he makes a study of the human teeth, or dental
anatomy, of the forms and nomenclature of the instruments used in
operations on the teeth, of the preparation of cavities for filling, of
filling materials and their manipulation.
The second year includes a lecture course with demonstrations on
the technical procedures in filling teeth, and the student begins practical
operations in the clinic room.
The third year includes a review of the technical procedures in
filling operations, followed by a careful study of the pathology of
dental caries, and the adaptation of means to its amelioration and cure.
The Clinic Rooms, built especially for the purpose, have abundant
room with the best of light. They are well equipped with Columbia
operating chairs in ample number for the classes.
The Operative Infirmary Clinic is under the direct supervision of
the Professor of Operative Dentistry. The student begins this work
DENTAL SCHOOL 19
with the opening of his second year and continues it to the end of the
third year; the time given to it is much greater in the third year
than in the second. It is the intention that this infirmary practice shall
be as much like an actual dental practice as possible. The development
of the ability to obtain and hold a practice, or the professional courtesy
of an operator toward his patient essential to personal success, is
regarded equal in importance to the development of manipulative ability.
a. Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Teeth — Nomenclature.
First semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Gethro.
b. Laboratory Course — Studies of the forms of individual teeth ;
carving the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of
the internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester.
Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman.
c. Instruments and Instrumentation — A study of instrument forms,
instrument construction, and the adaptation of instruments to the
excavation of cavities. First third of second semester. One lecture a
week. Professor Gethro.
d. Laboratory Course — First third of second semester. Nine
hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman.
e. Cavity Nomenclature — A study of the location of cavities in
extracted teeth, of the forms of prepared cavities, of the naming of
internal parts of cavities, and of the use of instruments in their prepara-
tion. Second third of second semester. One lecture a week. Profes-
f. Laboratory Course — Second third of second semester. Nine
hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman.
g. Filling Materials and Filling Teeth — Third third of second
semester. One lecture a week.
h. Laboratory Practice — Filling materials and filling prepared
cavities; extracted teeth, ivory, or bone. Third third of second
semester. Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman.
i. Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature ;
cavity preparation; principles, instruments and appliances, and instru-
mentation ; cavity preparation, by classes of cavities ; filling materials ;
instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, and of
finishing fillings. Porcelain inlays ; preparation of cavities ; formation
of matrix ; making and inserting inlays ; gold inlays. Filling with
amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Exposure and removal of dental
pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. Two lectures and recita-
tions a week. Professor A. D. Black.
20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
j. Operative Clinic — Open to second year students four hours a
day during the entire season. Operations amounting- to one hundred
points required in gold, and one hundred points in amalgam. Professor
A. D. Black and assistants.
k. Review of Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — First half of
first semester. Two lectures a week. Professor G. V. Black.
1. Pathology and Dental Caries — Bacteriology of human mouth ;
causative relation of bacteria to dental caries. Caries of enamel ; caries
of dentin ; inception and progress of dental caries ; conditions of the
beginning of caries ; systematic causes of caries ; susceptibility and
immunity to caries ; vital phenomena in caries ; hyperaesthesia of
dentin ; treatment of dental caries, curative effects of fillings, selection
of filling materials. Second half of first semester. Two lectures a
week. Professor G. V. Black.
m. Management of Patients — Cleanliness; evil habits in chewing
food, and their correction ; management of special conditions. Caries
of children's teeth and its treatment ; shedding of the deciduous teeth.
Management of children. Erosion ; management of cases of erosion ;
management of cavities by classes ; extension for prevention and its
limitations. Management in special conditions. ^Esthetic considera-
tions. Second semester. Two lectures a week. Professor G. V. Black.
n. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week. Professor Willard.
o. Operative Clinic — Open to third year students from 10:30 to
5 :30 daily during term time. Operations amounting to two hundred
points are required in gold, and two hundred points in amalgam.
Professor G. V. Black and assistants.
p. Special Fillings — Fillings are made under the instruction and
immediate supervision of the special clinical instructors, and later full
written descriptions of the conditions indicating the operation, the
instrumentation and choice of instruments used, are submitted for
grading as to excellence. Dr. Macfarlane and Dr. Birkland.
A combined lecture, recitation, and laboratory course. The equip-
ment includes culture ovens, sterilizers, conveniences for handling test
tubes and for making culture media.
q. Principles of Bacteriology — The preparation of culture media ;
management of laboratory cultures ; distinguishing varieties of micro-
organisms in laboratory cultures ; physiology of micro-organisms ;
poisons produced by micro-organisms; diseases caused by micro-organ-
isms, particularly those of the teeth and mouth; susceptibility and
immunity to diseases. One lecture a week. Professor Willard.
r. Laboratory Work — Preparation of culture media ; planting and
management of cultures ; separation of species in mixed cultures ; de-
DENTAL SCHOOL 21
riving pure cultures from infected animals ; cultures from saliva, from
mucous membranes and from carious teeth; staining, mounting, and
microscopic studies ; diagnosis of unknowns. Three hours a week.
PROFESSOR GILMER, PROFESSOR ARTHUR D. BLACK, DR. POTTS, AND
The Course embraces instruction in the general principles of surgery
and in the practical application of surgery to pathological conditions
occurring in or about the mouth and face, giving special attention to
diagnosis and recognition of conditions.
The subject of Anaesthetics and Anaesthesia is presented in detail
in lectures, in experiments on animals, in the clinic, in the oral surgery
and daily in the extracting clinic. Nitrous oxide is used generally in
the extracting clinic, and ether and chloroform in the oral surgery
clinic. Local anaesthesia is exhibited frequently in either clinic in
cases to which is is adapted.
a. Surgical Bacteriology — Inflammation ; suppuration ; wounds ;
hemorrhage ; necrosis ; caries of bones ; diseases of the maxillary sinus ;
resection of roots ; tetanus ; ankylosis ; arthritis ; facial neuralgia ; frac-
tures ; dislocations ; extraction of teeth ; malposition of third molars ;
impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, and implantation of
teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the lips, tongue, and mouth ;
tumors ; odontomes ; ranula ; cysts ; aneurisms. One lecture a week.
b. Recitations and Quizzes — One and one-half hours a week.
Professor Arthur D. Black.
c. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. Pro-
fessor Gilmer, nurses from St. Luke's Hospital, and Dr. Potts.
d. Special Clinical Instruction — Diagnosis and case histories. One
hour a week. Professor Arthur D. Black.
e. After Treatment of Surgical Cases — By students, under direc-
tion of Professor Gilmer.
f. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth, Daily — Open to second and
third year students. Dr. Stowell.
g. The Evolution of General Surgical Anasthesia — State of the
patient; nature of operation; choice of anaesthetic; prolonged dental
operations; circumstances of administration; inspection and examina-
tion of patients ; general anaesthetic agents ; local and regional anaes-
thetics, dangers of anaesthesia. Second semester. One hour a week.
h. Clinical Administration of Anaesthetics — Oral surgery clinic.
Two hours a week. Dr. Potts.
i. Clinical Exhibition of Nitrous Oxid Anaesthesia — Daily in ex-
tracting clinic. Dr. Stowell.
22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
MATERIA MEDICA SPECIAL PATHOLOGY AND
PROFESSOR POUNDSTONE AND ASSISTANTS.
Materia Medica is taught in a series of lectures, quizzes, and reci-
tations, with demonstrations and experimental studies. There is also a
laboratory study of the most useful methods of preparing drugs for
medicinal purposes, with experimental studies of their therapeutic or
toxic action. The course is richly illustrated throughout. Abundant
practice is given in prescription writing. The great clinic, to which
students have access throughout the year, gives large opportunity to
witness the application and therapeutic effects of drugs, and to obtain
clinical practice. The instructor is in the clinic one afternoon each
week to assist and direct the demonstrating force.
a. The Sources and Various Forms of Drugs — General and local
action of drugs; agencies that modify the action of drugs; the art of
prescribing medicines; a critical study of about one hundred drugs,
classified according to their therapeutic and toxic action; a special
laboratory study of escharotics, germicides, antiseptics, deodorizers.
Systematic medication for dental purposes; dental prophylaxis; the
use of germicides, antiseptics, escharotics, and astringents in dentistry.
First semester. One lecture a week. Second semester. Two lectures
a week. Professor Poundstone.
Lectures and Recitations — Professor Poundstone.
b. Theses — Each student is required to write ten theses, of not
less than three hundred words each, on subjects assigned.
c. Clinical Practice — The Infirmary is open to second year stu-
dents four hours a day for the observation of conditions requiring
the use of drugs and for clinical practice in their treatment. Each
student is required to make one hundred points in clinical experience.
See also Department of special Pathology and Therapeutics. Professor
SPECIAL PATHOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS.
In dental practice this is a department of operative dentistry. It
includes a study of the diseases and the abnormal conditions of the
pulps of the teeth, of the membranes of the teeth, of the immediate
surrounding soft tissues and bones, and the mucous membranes of the
d. A Review of the Structure and Functions of the Dental Pulp —
Hyperemia and inflammation of the pulp; capping exposed pulps;
obtunding sensitive dentin. Pulp devitalization; pulp removal; treat-
DENTAL SCHOOL 21
ment of canals ; root tilling ; suppuration ; the healing process ; im-
munity and susceptibility; suppuration of the dental pulp; alveolar
abscess ; absorption of roots of teeth and of bone ; caries of bone ;
necrosis. A study of germicides and antiseptics with laboratory tests.
Bleaching teeth. First semester. One lecture a week. Professor
e. Quizzes and Recitations — First semester. One hour a week.
f. Peridental Membranes — Review of histological structures;
simple gingivitis; calcic inflammation; phagadenic pericementitis; re-
plantation and transplantation of teeth ; functions of the mucous mem-
branes of the mouth ; stomatitis ; prophylaxis ; mouth hygiene. Second
semester. Two lectures a week. Professor
g. Quizzes and Recitations — Second semester. One hour a week,
h. Clinical Practice — In addition to the above courses, third year
students are required to make two hundred points in practical treat-
ments in the Infirmary clinic, and to send in for examination and
criticism a complete history of the conditions found and the treatment
record of each of ten cases. Professor is in the Infirmary
one-half day each week to superintend this work.
PROFESSOR SELLERY, DR. BUCKLEY, AND ASSISTANTS.
Orthodontia is taught both didactically and clinically. Proceeding
from the normal occlusion, derangements of the alignment of the teeth
and malformations of the dental arch are systematically classified, and
mechanical arrangements of fixtures for bringing the several classes
of irregularities into normal form are carefully studied. Text-books:
Angle, Guilford, Knapp. Lantern slides from photographs, X-ray
pictures, and models of cases are used.
a. Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, classification, diagnosis of
malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar processes, the peridental
membranes, and use of models. First semester. One lecture a week.
b. Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, Knapp — Anchorages,
jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension arch and combinations,
split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. Illustrated with models,
with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. Stereopticon views, illus-
trating progressive regulation and final fixation. Second semester.
One lecture a week. Professor Sellery.
c. Clinic or Infirmary Course — Open to students during first and
second semesters for practical work in the correction of practical cases.
Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley, and assistants.
24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
PROFESSOR PROTHERO, DR. METHVEN, DR. WALDBERG, AND ASSISTANTS.
The Prosthetic Technic Laboratory and the Junior Prosthetic Lab-
oratory are situated on the fifth floor, and the Senior Prosthetic Lab-
oratory and the porcelain and inlay laboratory are situated on the sixth
floor, adjacent to the Crown and Bridge Room. All are well supplied
with outside light, and also completely equipped with electric lights.
Each laboratory is furnished with electric lathes for grinding and
polishing. The Junior Laboratory is completely equipped with the
heavier laboratory appliances, such as vulcanizers, celluloid presses,
and apparatus for casting aluminum plates. The Prosthetic Laboratory,
for the use of second and third year students, and devoted to practical
operations for patients, is equipped with the appliances necessary for
modern prosthetic dentistry, including compressed air for blow pipe
work. The adjacent porcelain and gold inlay laboratory is fitted with
electric furnaces and with gasoline furnaces and various kinds of
swaging devices and casting apparatus for gold-inlay work. The
crown and bridge room, for practical prosthetic operations, is equipped
with thirty modern operating chairs and a sufficient number of electric
a. Prosthetic Technics — This course covers the fundamental prin-
ciples of denture construction and crown and bridge work, and accom-
panies the laboratory course. First semester. One lecture a week.
Quiz and Recitation Work — First semester. One hour week. Dr.
b. Laboratory Course — Impression taking, model constructing,
occluding, waxing, flasking ; packing, vulcanizing, and finishing partial
and full artificial dentures. First semester. Nine hours a week. Pro-
fessor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants.
c. Applied Metallurgy — A descriptive course on the nature and
physical properties of metals, especially those used in dentistry, with
fundamental principles of their uses ; the manipulation of metals, swag-
ing, annealing, solders, and soldering, welding, tempering. Second
semester. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero.
d. Quiz or Recitation — On the work of Courses a, b and c. Second
semester. One hour a week. Dr. Methven.
e. Laboratory Course — Construction of dies and counter dies ;
swaging metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering
and by vulcanite ; constructions of crowns and dummies, all metal, and
metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to
form bridges ; constructing and tempering taps and dies of steel ; draw-
ing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of orthodontia ap-
pliances. Second semester. Nine hours a week. Professor Prothero,
Dr. Methven, and assistants.
DENTAL SCHOOL 25
PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY SECOND YEAR.
f. Lecture Course — Review of technic principles outlined in first
year ; their application to practical operations in the Infirmary. The
physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials employed in
prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; movements of
the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth.
One lecture a week. Professor Prothero.
g. Quiz or Recitation — One hour a week. Dr. Methven.
h. Laboratory Course — Construction of full metal and partial
metal base dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite ;
construction and application of clasps to partial dentures ; advanced
work in crowns and bridges. Nine hours a week. Professor Prothero,
Dr. Waldberg, and Dr. Methven.
i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to comple-
tion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each of the
various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred points
in crowns and bridges and one hundred points in plate work. Profes-
sor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants.
PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY THIRD YEAR.
j. A Critical Review — Summary of recent methods and appli-
ances ; application of porcelain in prosthesis ; baked porcelain crowns ;
porcelain bridges, full porcelain dentures ; methods of cavity prepara-
tion for porcelain inlays ; forming, baking, and setting porcelain inlays.
Methods of obtaining wax models of cavities, forming investments,
and casting, and setting gold inlays. The student is assigned a series
of articles for reading, and is required to present a thesis covering the
subject named. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero.
k. Laboratory Course — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid
dentures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain
bridges ; continuous gum dentures. First semester. Six hours a week.
Professor Prothero, Dr. Waldberg, Dr. Methven, and assistants.
1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all
varieties made and fitted for patients in the Infirmary. Studies of the
conditions of the mucous membranes ; the preparation of roots for
crowns and the abutment of bridges ; making and setting crowns and
bridges, and preparation of cavities and setting porcelain or gold inlays.
The minimum requirement is two hundred points in crowns and bridges
and two hundred points in plate work.
The infirmary is open to students from 10 :30 to 5 :30 o'clock each
day during term time. This period is divided between the Prosthetic
and the Operative Departments, and text-book work and general read-
ing. Professor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants.
26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
THE LIBRARY AND READING ROOM.
The Menges Library and Reading Room, named in honor of the
late Dr. Theodore Menges, occupies, together with the attached Jour-
nal Reading Room, three thousand feet of floor space. It is furnished
with reading tables and chairs for about one hunded students. The
Library contains 3006 volumes of books on dental and collateral
subjects; a rich supply of dictionaries and encyclopedias conveniently
placed in the Reading Room for easy consultation ; and a nearly com-
plete list of the dental journals that have been published in the English
language, with about 16,000 duplicate numbers. The books most used
by the students are duplicated, up to six or twelve, and a few to fifteen
copies. The books and journals may be used in the Reading Room
without restriction, and when the duplication of volumes will allow,
they may be drawn out as a circulating library.
The Museum is in the Reading Room and is open to inspection
and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to the best
The comparative anatomy specimens are heads with the teeth, with
the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there are full
skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of the
several orders to afford specimens of every kind of tooth form and of
every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, w r ith a
rich variety of fishes.
The principal specimens of human skull are first, an excellent
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult develop-
ment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth;
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth,
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws from
childhood to old age. This is an exceptionally complete, attractive,
and valuable set of specimens. There is also a variety of ordinary
The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth
of abnormal forms ; a very full and complete set of specimens illustrat-
ing interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of interproximal
contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of supernumerary teeth ;
some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial teeth, of manu-
factured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, illustrating the
development in these lines. This collection has been made in the
School largely by students and by alumni, and is being continually
increased by donations from those who have met with specimens un-
usual or rare in practice. Such donations are requested from all prac-
titioners to assist in building up this great museum of abnormal con-
DENTAL SCHOOL 27
ditions of teeth and of associated parts for the benefit of dental
It is the intention that this Library and Museum be continually
growing, both by purchase and by contributions, until it shall become
the most complete store of recorded knowledge of dental subjects in
the country, and that the dental profession of the great Northwest shall
have in it a common interest.
All books and specimens donated to the Library or Museum will,
as far as possible, bear the donor's name on the label.
SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS.
The central location of the school and its convenient access from
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. It
gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while at-
tending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. It
also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to draw
the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The patients
for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago and its
suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the school, each one
of whom draws from his own friends and acquaintances, made in and
about his place of residence, is an invaluable adjunct to the number
who come simply as acquaintances of the school. Patients who come
as the friends of students make up the personal clinical practice of the
In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining, and
holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of the in-'
structors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features of this
school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its students.
By this plan of work the student not only learns the theory of prac-
tice and the manipulations of practical operations in dentistry, but he
passes at once to the work of real experience in building a practice for
himself ; in gaining that skill in professional comity and personal man-
ner between himself and his patients, which is as necessary to him in
after years, in drawing together and maintaining a practice, as his
knowledge of dental diseases and his skill in their treatment.
For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity to
draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of large
gatherings of students in a single locality.
Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the student
who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the north offers,
besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some grand botanical gardens
and winter conservatories, where all manner of plants may be enjoyed
or studied ; a fine zoological collection, where a large variety of
animal and bird life may be studied, and the Museum of Natural
History, in which there is a very large collection of birds, animals and
28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson and Washing ion
Parks on the south, besides their extensive pleasure grounds, also
offer splendid botanical gardens and winter conservatories, while the
Field Columbian Museum offers a rare collection of Natural History
specimens especially suited for the study of comparative dental an-
atomy, of modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in
the various races and types of men in different ages. The admission to
this museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation
tickets to this school. Many other parks afford favorite pleasure
A Number of Libraries are accessible to students who have taste
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest,
or in connection with special studies.
The University Library Collections offer very abundant facili-
ties for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible ;
generally within the school buildings. They consist of :
The College collection.
The Law collection.
The Medical collection.
The Pharmacy collection.
The Theodore Menges Library of the Dental School, and
The Theological collection.
Chicago Library (402,848 volumes, June, 1910) is on Michigan
Avenue and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the school. It
is one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive
books from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known
to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application.
These will often be convenient to the boarding places of students.
The Newberry Library is very large (259,000 volumes, June,
1910), and, besides general works, has also a large medical and dental
library. It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be
reached in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library, and books
can be used only in its reading rooms.
The John Crerar Library (260,000 volumes, June, 1910), occu-
pies one and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner
Wabash Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the
natural, the physical and the social sciences, with their applications. It
is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library, and
its books are used only in its reading rooms.
These libraries are accessible to our students, and they will find in
them not only a very large collection of books, but also men in attend-
ance who are able and willing to assist students in finding anything that
they contain upon any given subject.
There are a large number of other libraries, both general and on
special subjects, that are available to the student who may wish to
make proper and legitimate use of them.
will be on sale in the Theodore Menges Library of the school at pub-
lishers' prices. There will be a small profit from the sale of these
books, which will be used for the benefit of the library. Students are
invited to purchase their books in the school and aid the library. Each
student will be required to have the books designated below. The Ref-
erence books are in the Library and may be used as needed.
Anatomy — Cunningham (new edition) or Gray. $6.00 Cloth. $7.00
Dental Anatomy— Black. $2.50.
Operative Dentistry— Black. $10.00.
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. $5.00.
Physiology— Kirkes. $3.00. Wiggin. $2.00.
Exercises in Chemistry for Laboratory — Alexander Smith. $0.90.
Medical Dictionary — Gould. $1.00.
Anatomy — (Same as first year.)
Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as first years.)
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first year.)
Physiology — Kirkes. (Same as first year.)
Materia Medica — Prinz. $5.00.
Pathology— Wiggin. $2.00.
Chemistry — Moore's Outlines of Organic Chemistry. $1.50.
Comparative Anatomy — Thompson. $1.50.
Histology — Bailey. (Same as first year.)
Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as first and second years.)
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first and second years.)
Oral Surgery — Gilmer. $2.50.
Orthodontia— Angle. $5.00.
Dental Jurisprudence — Rehfuss.
Micro-Organisms — Abbott.
American System of Dentistry.
Crown and Bridge Work — Evans.
Diseases and Injury of the Teeth — Smale and Colyer.
Principles of Surgery — Senn.
The American Text-Book of Prosthetic Dentistry — Essig or Turner.
The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry — Kirk.
Micro-Organisms of the Human Mouth — Miller.
Micro-Organisms — McFarland.
Dental Pathology and Pharmacology — Burchard.
30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Oral Surgery — Garretson.
Comparative Dental Anatomy — Tomes, Thompson.
Regional Anatomy of the Head and Neck — Eckley.
Anatomy — Morris, Eckley.
Histology — Piersol.
The instruments essential to the students in the several departments
of the school have been carefully studied and determined. Much care
has been bestowed upon the selection of the instrument sets that the
variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without being
excessive. Close study of this subject and long and careful observation
of students and the progress they make in the attainment of manipu-
lative skill show their progress to be closely related to their instrument
equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the instrument
sets required be obtained by each student as a condition to his continu-
ance in school work.
In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is essen-
tial in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and this
will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. This
teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of instruc-
tion are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of
the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets
being used throughout the course of study.
In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar
care as to instruments is maintained.
The instruments in the list are required because they are essential
to the student's progress, and students must provide them. Students
should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of other patterns,
for they cannot be received as equivalents of the required sets. They
are the same as those that have been required in former years. No
student is required to make changes in his instrument sets during his
three years' course, and these instruments form his instrument equip-
ment for entering practice after graduation.
INSTRUMENTS AND APPLIANCES REQUIRED
DURING THE FRESHMAN YEAR.
Right, 20-9-12 Left,
Right, 15-8-12 Left,
Right, 10-6-12 Left,
Right, 20-9-12 Left,
Right, 15-8-12 Left,
Right, 10-6-12 Left,
GINGIVAL MARGIN TRIMMERS.
1 Explorer, No. 3.
1 each Plugger Points, University.
No. 11, 6x12-6-10 Contra-angled.
No. 7, 5-10-3.
No. 9, 10-10-3.
No. 391, 5x20.
1 Automatic Handle, No. 4.
1 Black's special holding instrument.
1 each Burnishers, Nos. 2, 26, 28.
1 Instrument Roll.
1 Hand Mallet, No. 5.
1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12.
1 Cement Spatula, No. 24.
1 Mixing Tablet, No. 2.
1 Mortar and Pestle, No. 2.
1 oz. Absorbent Cotton.
1 Arkansas Stone, 2x5x^ inches.
1 Bottle of Oil.
1 Root Canal Plugeer, No. 35.
1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 36.
1 box narrow Polishing Strips, assorted.
2 Broach Holders, handles of dissimilar
1 package Barbed Broaches, assorted.
1 box round gutta-percha root canal points,
1 Alcohol Lamp with Annealing Tray.
1 sheet Steel for Matrices, gauge 3-1000.
1 sheet Copper for Matrices, gauge 26.
1 Lowell Pin Vise.
1 Boley Millimeter Gauge.
1 Revolving Head Engine Bit Holder.
1 Pocket Lens, two glasses.
6 Medicine Bottles.
1 each Engine Burs, Nos. H» L 3, 5, 7,
1 box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25.
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 1.
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 3.
SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN.
NOT REQUIRED AFTER THE FRESHMAN YEAR.
1 Work Box.
1 Card Board arranged for Tooth Sections.
1 Card Board arranged for Instrumenta-
1 set (6) Ivory Carving Blocks.
12 small Wood Blocks for Mounting.
1 Tooth Brush Handle.
1 Stick Black Sealing Wax.
1 Spool Black Silk.
1 piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files,
50 pieces Brass Wire, 4^4 inches long,
In Addition to the Instruments and Appliances Used in the Freshman
Year, the Following are Required in the Operative Clinic
During the Junior and Senior Years.
GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS.
1 Automatic Mallet.
1 each Plugger Points.
ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS.
1 set of 3 Finishing Knives.
1 set of 6 File-cut Finishing File*.
1 Black's Saw Frame.
1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge.
1 doz. Thread Saws.
Sizes of Burs
are given in tenths
Sizes 6 8
Nos. y a 1
1 Dental Engine.
Sizes 6 8
Nos. liy 2 34
Sizes 6 8
Nos. S5J4 56
Burs, Finishing, Sizes 20 25 40 Bud 25
oval Nos. 218 219 222 Bud 225
Drills, bi-beveled Sizes 8 10 12 16
Nos. 100 101 102 104
Drills, sq. end Sizes 8 10
Nos. 114 115
Contra-angle hand piece and burs for en-
1 Porte Polisher, No. 307.
1 box Wood Polishing Points.
2 Mandrels, No. 303.
1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield.
1 box Emery Paper Disks, J4 inch, grits
Nos. 00, 1.
1 box each Sand Paper Disks, % inch,
grits Nos. 00, 1.
1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, y 2 and
1 doz. Three-Cornered Rubber Polishing
1 set (14) MaWhinney's L. II. Scalers.
1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case.
1 Mouth Mirror, No. 3.
1 Rubber Dam Punch.
1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps.
1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam
Clamps, right and left.
1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 5, 9,
i Hatch Cervical Clamp.
1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots.
1 spool of Waxed Floss.
1 Rubber Dam Holder.
2 Rubber Dam Weights.
1 Water Syringe, No. 22.
1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back
1 Abscess Syringe, No. 33.
1 Cotton Holder.
1 package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted.
2 Smooth Broaches.
1 sheet Base Plate Gutta-Percha.
1 each Explorers, Nos. 3, 13, 14.
1 Perry's Universal Separator.
1 Case Medicine Bottles.
Yt oz. Pyrozone, 3 per cent.
Yt oz. Phenol, 95 per cent.
Yi oz. Dialyzed Iron.
J-4 oz. Oil of Cassia.
Yt oz. Oil of Cloves.
Yi oz. Eucalyptol.
J/2 oz. Glycerine, Iodine and Zinc.
Yt oz. Tincture of Iodine.
Yi oz. Oil of Cassia, 1; Phenol, 2; Oil of
Yt oz. Monsell's Salt, Sub-Sulphate of Iron.
Yi. oz. Tricresol.
Yi oz. Sol. Iodide of Zinc, 24 grains to
Yi oz. Chlora-percha.
Y2 oz. Glycerite of Tannin.
Yt oz. Tincture of Aconite, 1; Iodine, 1;
Y* oz. Powdered Sulphate of Copper.
1 sman stick of Silver Nitrate.
SURGICAL CASE (Seniors Only).
1 Leather Pocket Case.
1 Scalpel, 1^2 inch blade.
I Sharp Steel Probe.
1 Silver Probe.
1 Grooved Director.
1 Exploring Needle.
1 pair Artery Forceps, 4J4 inch.
1 pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4>4 inch, straight.
1 Plaster Bowl, "B."
1 Plaster Spatula, No. 17.
1 each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2,
1 each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3,
1 "Improved Snow" Occluding Frame.
1 Snow's Face Bow.
1 box Pink Wax.
1 Prothero's Wax Spatula.
1 iron Vulcanite Flask.
1 Flask Wrench, No. 10.
1 Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8
1 each Vulcanite Chisels, Nos. 14, 15.
1 each Kingsley's Finishers, Nos. 4, 5, 6.
1 Felt Cone, large blunt.
1 Felt Wheel, No. 2.
1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26.
2 Lathe Chucks.
1 Carborundum Wheel, 1J^xJ4 inch, grit
1 Carborundum Wheel, 1J£xJ4 inch, grit
1 Mechanical Saw Frame.
1 dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2.
1 pair Plate Shears, Heinisch.
1 pair Curved Plate Shears, No. 5.
1 pair Round-nosed Pliers, 4Yt inches, No.
1 pair Flat-nosed Pliers, 4J^ inches, No.
1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers.
1 Horn Mallet.
1 Plate Punch, No. 1.
1 Solder Tweezers "A."
1 Solder Tweezers "L."
1 pair Reese's Solder Pliers.
1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher.
1 Compound Blow Pipe.
1 Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2.
1 Borax Slate.
1 Plate File, Grobert, half round, 5 inches,
1 Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider.
18 inches Rubber Tubing, Ya inch.
54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5-16 inch.
1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 gauge.
Yt lb. Special Asbestos.
1 Melotte's Moulding Outfit.
3 lbs. Babbitt Metal.
3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal.
1 set of (2) Casting Rings.
1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand.
5 dwts. Silver Solder.
1 bottle Separating Fluid.
Yt lb. Modeling Composition.
3 sheets Sandpaper No. 1.
4 sheets Red Maroon Rubber.
4 sheets Pink Rubber.
1 bottle Shellac Varnish.
1 oz. Powdered Soapstone.
1 box Crystal Borax.
4 inches Steel Wire, Y\ inch diameter.
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge.
1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches.
1 pair Pliers, No. 121.
1 pair Plate Nippers, No. 3M.
1 Riveting Hammer "B."
1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge.
1 piece Aluminum Plate, 18 gauge.
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge.
1 pair Case Cleavers.
1 pair Prothero's Files with No. 8 handles.
1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11.
SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS.
1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12,
1 Draw Plate, special.
Yt. lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge.
12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge.
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge.
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000.
SPECIAL FOR SENIORS.
1 "K" Pliers.
1 "K & D" Pin Vise.
1 pair Ball-Pliers.
1 Porcelain Carving Instrument.
2 Camel Hair Brushes.
1 set Thompson's Burnishers, Nos. 1, 2,
DENTAL SCHOOL 33
In addition to the above list it is recommended strongly that each
student obtain the quadrangle instruments, both the direct and the back-
action, and the back-action pluggers to be used by malet pressure. It
is also recommended that each student obtain his own furnace for
porcelain work and his own device for casting gold inlays, and make
use of these while in school.
The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of stu-
dents who may wish to have greater experience in clinical practice
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain with
the school. The clinical material is abundant, and a most excellent
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice.
The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experience
in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be best
understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tabular
statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year ending
June 30, 1910:
ASSIGNMENTS OF PATIENTS TO STUDENTS JULY 1,1909, TO JUNE 30,1910.
General Special. Total.
July, 1909 218 16 234
August 259 10 269
September 349 29 378
Total Summer Vacation 826 55 881
October, 1909 600 189 789
November 574 186 760
December 394 161 555
January, 1910 483 267 750
February 487 340 827
March 434 365 799
April 445 271 716
May 404 144 548
Total in Course 3,821 1,923 5,744
June 231 49 280
Total for twelve months 4,878 2,027 6,905
Transferred from last year 676
The special patients are assigned to such students of their acquaint-
ance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the general
patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as need the
particular experience and practice that their cases involve. Many of
these general patients have come to the school for a number of years
34 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
and continue to come in the same manner as they would go to the
office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired a very
large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of a fairly large
class of students, but the students are encouraged to have their friends
ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the teaching
of practice building.
The operations performed for these 7,581 patients during the year
were 30,763 in the Operative, 2,863 in the Prosthetic, 350 in the Oral
Surgery and 900 in the Orthodontia Department; a total of 34,876
separate operations. Among the operations performed in the Operative
9,446 fillings of all descriptions.
2,823 root fillings.
1,260 pulps devitalized.
1,196 pulps removed under cocain.
139 cases of pericementitis treated.
230 cases of pyorrhea treated.
1,642 cases of removal of calcareous deposits.
4,089 cases of extraction.
710 cases of administration of general anaesthetics.
151 cases of administration of local anaesthetics.
2 cases of bleaching.
33 porcelain inlays.
543 cast gold inlays.
In the Prosthetic Department were made and inserted :
314 gold and 26 porcelain bridges 849 teeth
450 shell crowns 450 teeth
65 Richmond crowns 65 teeth
16 porcelain crowns 16 teeth
62 banded Logan crowns 62 teeth
372 plain Logan or Davis crowns 372 teeth
434 artificial dentures 3,793 teeth
Total teeth restored or replaced 5,607
There were 540 plates, crowns and bridges repaired. There were
also four practical surgical splints and six complete obturators made
ENROLLMENT OF STUDENTS, 1909-10.
Anglemire, Raymond Lee, 7//.
August, David Hjalmar, Wis.
Baker, Arthur Edwin, Iowa.
tBall, James William, Iowa.
Bantle, George Anthony, Minn.
Baughrnan, Ira Lucian, III.
Becker, Ralph William, III.
Beerman, Ernest August, Iowa.
Bergstrom, Hyrum, Utah.
Berndt, George Walter, Oregon.
Black, Charles Neil, Wash.
Blackwell, James David, ///.
Brimacombe, James Kennedy, Canada.
Brown, Benjamin Lyman, III.
Burkett, Clifford Wahl, Ind.
Buss, Reuben Julian, Wis.
Bvers, Ford L., Iowa.
Campbell, Guy Stetler, N. Y.
*Carmichael, Robert Henry, M. D., Mich.
Cartwright, Charles Hull, Iowa.
Carson, Knute Paul, III.
Covert, George Bergen, Mich.
Crawford, Edgar Harper, B. C.
Crew, Thomas James, Wis.
Dandelles. Epaminondas, Turkey.
Denny, Thomas Jefferson, III.
Denton, William Lemmon, S. D.
Dolby, George Hugo, III.
Donovan, Gustave Thomas, Australia.
Downs, George Almond, Iowa.
Dugger, Marion Harvey, III.
Eckman, Philip Anthony, N. D.
Farwell, Harry Russell, III.
Fielding, Aldrich, Australia.
Firkins, Ashley Martin, III.
Foley, Thomas Joseph, ///.
Forester, Frederick Lyman, III.
Gates, Marshall Edison, III.
tGault, John S., Iowa.
Gerhold, Elsa Juliane, Austria.
Gibson, Barney McCullough, Iowa.
Goode, William Allen, B. S., Cal.
Goeres, Theodore Otto, Wis.
Govett, Denzil, Australia.
Graf, Clarence Zina, III.
•Guggenheim, Emanuel, III.
Halderman, Roy S., Kas.
Hanson, Lloyd Martin, S. D.
Heine, Raymond Otto, Iowa.
Hillweg, Charles Ulyssus, Iowa.
Holm, Edward Olaf, S. D.
Holmes, H. Claude, B. A., Kas.
Host, Walter Robert, Wis.
Hudson, Frank Burton, B. S., Wis.
tHunt, Winford A., ///.
Joerin, Albert E., Mich.
Kelly, Harry Whiteside, Oregon.
tKikuraku, Keitaro, Japan.
Kimbell, Will Eugene, Iowa.
tKinney, Guy Bark, Iowa.
Knox, Sidney Barclay, III.
Kost, Walter Henry', Minn.
*Leach, Corl Eber, Nebr.
Leonard, Frank Anderson, Iowa.
Lillie, Roy Kay, Canada.
Link, William John, Iowa.
McBride, Lyman Augustus, Oregon.
Madill, Christopher John, Canada.
Manosevitch, George Herman, 27/.
*Moeller, Frank Raymond, Mich.
Nankervis, Henry, Mich.
Nichol, Clifton Thomas, III.
Over, Charles Brown, Mont.
Payne, Eugene Irwin, III.
*Pooley, Harry, III.
•Rakow, William J., III.
Roe, Joseph Blaine, Mich.
Rowley, Thomas Joseph, New Zealand.
Sandoz, George Ellis, La.
Sederholm, Hjalmar Axel, 77/.
Shipstead, Samuel Christian, Minn.
Smith, Carlton Radford, India.
Smith, William Henry, Iowa.
Spencer, Lyle Sargent, S. D.
Stockman, Dee Damon, Utah.
•Sullivan, Ralph Sylvester, 77/.
Summers, Robert Lee, B. S. D., Mo.
Symonds, John Thomas, Oregon.
Taecker, Henry Robert, 5. D.
Thorley, Robert Aldridge, Utah.
Thornton, Irl Jay, Kas.
Todd, Roland Hill, III.
Valenzuela, Carlos Francisco, Costa Rica.
Weinstein, Jacob, III.
Wilbur, Carl Ellsworth, Wash.
Wilhite, Fielding Madison, Mo.
Wilson, Elizabeth Ray, III.
Wilson, Walter LeRoy, Wis.
Woods, Frank Ray, ///.
Wright, John Edgar, Mo.
tYoung, Garland LeRoy, Texas.
Adelson, Abraham, III.
Adkins, Owen Edward, Iowa.
Bacon, Francis Erastus, B.S., III.
Bartley, Mortimer Milton, Wis.
Beatty, George Mudie, Australia.
Benn, Raymond Marcus, Iowa.
JBeyler, Walter Melvin, Ind.
Bigler, John August, III.
Bowden, George Leonard, ///.
Bremner, John A., Canada.
Brown, Geoffrey Patteson, Australia.
Bushee, Ralph Waldo, III.
Busta, Edward Harry, Iowa.
Chulock. Joseph William, III.
Clark, James Paul, Wash.
Collins, Thomas Martin, III.
*Did not complete course.
tMatriculated but not in attendance.
tDied June 3rd, 1910.
Cornwall, John Thomas, Wis.
Cox, Wilford Charles, Utah.
Crawford, Harry Burch, Mich.
Delmore, Hubert Francis, Wis.
Duncan, William Henry, Mich.
Fairfax, Henry Hopson, Tenn.
Flannery, Edward Eugene, III.
Fouser, Ralph Homer, Iowa.
Fox, John Henry, Ind.
tFurstman, Jacob Miller, M.D., III.
Garber, David Raymond, Ind.
Gayle, William Ross, Texas.
Geyer, Ebern C, Mich.
Godson, Richard, Australia.
Goldthorpe, Charles Clyde, III.
Grossberg, Arthur, III.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSI1 V
*Guha, Narendra Chandra, India.
Harrington, Earl Fremont, S. D.
Harrison, Delmar Jay, Minn.
'Hedman, Carl Edwin, Minn.
Hemmer, Francis Joseph, Iowa.
Iknn, Elmer J., III.
Hewitt, William James, N. D.
Holland, Carl Martin, Iowa.
Holtan, Arthur George, ///.
Horner, Harold Ince, Iowa.
Howe, Walter Guy, ///.
Hull, Robert Clayton, S. D.
Huntington, Roger Ebinger, III.
Ineram, Hector Sydney, England.
Johnson, Martin Loren, III.
f Kenney, William Thomas, Texas.
Kundert, Leo Harris, III.
Laird, Harry Brumfield, Mo.
Langdon, Edwin Lawrence, Australia.
Latham, Garnett, Wis.
Leach, Floyd DeWitte, Wis.
Leach, Roy Carroll, Ncbr.
Lund, Herman John, III.
McCormick, Jay Luvern, Iowa.
McCready, Charles Ray, Cal.
McDaniel, Walter Oliver, 77/.
McDermott, Emmet E., Wis.
Mclntyre, Leslie Herbert, Canada.
'Metzner, Horace Edmund, Wis.
Millard, Glenn W., Nebr.
Mindlin, Barnett, N. Y.
Monahan, Matthew Joseph, Ireland.
Montgomery, Ida Olive, Canada.
Morlan, James Leonard, B.S., 77/.
Muir, Harry D., Iowa.
Myers, Roy Albion, ///.
Nahas, Albert John, Egypt.
Nichols, Ira Goodsel, Miss.
Nugent, Lawrence Earl, Minn.
Offill, William Arthur, III.
Olshan, Hirsh Gammil, ///.
Papantonopulas, Nickolas Geo., Grti
Pearson, Townsend Adelbert, / a
Pruyn, Walter Mann, ///.
Putnam, Claude Ashbil, ///.
IRoach, Richard IS... M.D., ///.
Robinson, Peter Edward, A'. C.
Rowan, William Anthony, ///.
Schumacher, Frank Paul, ///.
Shaffer, Lee Harrison, 111.
Skillen, William Graham, III.
Smith, George Clifford, Wis.
Smith, Homer Arthur, Mass.
Sprecher, Adolph Gustave, S. D.
Stair, Karl Elbert, S. D.
•Stewart, Frederick A. P., N. V.
Syverud, Herman, S. D.
Tebbs, D. D., Utah.
Thomson, James Urquhart, III.
Tiernan, Andrew, Iowa.
Tufveson, Nels, Sweden.
Tyler, Jesse Martin, Miss.
Ullom, Stanley William, Iowa.
Welcher, David Morris, III.
Welden, Floyd Handy, Nebr.
West, Floyd Eddy, Wis.
Williams, John Dyke, Iowa.
*Woodworth, George W., Ohio.
tWoodruff, Silas, Kas.
Akesson, Axel Wictor, Sweden.
Applebee, Alpha Bowers, 77/.
tArai, Hirokichi, Japan.
*Asger, Meldi Edward, China.
Babcock, William, III.
Bailey, George Watson, Wis.
Baker, Waldorf Astor, Okla.
Ball, Ralph Thomas, III.
Basford, Harry Lea, Wis.
Basford, L. P., Wis.
Bass, Feris Achille, Texas.
Bigelow, Judd Mortimer, Wis.
Boehme, Louis Hugo, III.
Bradbury, Arthur Rexford, III.
Brady, Charles Thomas, III.
Butler, Guy Goldthorp, Iowa.
Carlisle, Thomas, III.
Cashin, William Roy, Wis.
Cohen, Abraham Aaron, III.
Collins, Camillus Carl, Iowa.
Cook, John Richards Williams, Ind.
Cook, Merritt Wilson, Pa.
Corby, Earnest E., Kas.
tCottrell, Daniel, England.
Croessmann, Julius William, III.
Culp, Corydon Alonzo, III.
Cusack, Cecil George Henry, Australia.
Davis, John Harrison, S. D.
Deeble, Albert Leslie, S. D.
Dush, Verna Roscoe, III.
Edlund, Eskill Walter, III.
•Engebretson, Peter Jacob, Minn.
Etzbach, Bruno Anton, III.
Faller, Edward George, Wis.
fFischer, Leonora, III.
Freedlund, Gust Reginald, Flor.
Freeman, Charles West, Vt.
Freeman, Louis George, Ind.
tGage, Herbert G., Iowa.
•Did not complete course.
tMatriculated but not in attendance.
Genter, James Henry, III.
fGibbons, Lee George, III.
Grosser, Walter William, III.
Harmon, Herbert Newel, Wis.
Hanrahan, Eugene Patrick, III.
tHeath, Benjamin Lisle, Wis.
Heil, Henry Anthony, Wis.
*Heinen, Herman Eligus, Ind.
Henderson, Augustus Primus, N. C.
Henderson, Lewis Bernhard, N. D.
Hiscox, William Leon, Canada.
Hobson, Fred Nae, Iowa.
Hoffman, Augustus Knight, Iowa.
Hughes, Edmund Joseph, N. D.
Johnson, Albert Creighton, III.
Johnson, Gordon George, Wis.
tjuhl, Erik, Germany.
*Kamitani, Kauji, Hawaii.
Kennedy, Ernest, Canada.
Linn, Oliver Reinhold, S. D.
"Lizar, Francis Aaron, Wis.
Logan, Eugene Raymond, Texas.
tMackh, Carl August, III.
Macko, Frank W., Jr., III.
Martin, Eric Allan, Australia.
fMason, William Michael, III.
fMatthews, James Albert, Mo.
Mattice, Clyde Merril, Wash.
Miller, Guy Morris, TV. D.
Murfey, St. Clair, Mexico.
Nelson, Alex Clark, Wis.
Olech, Joseph Benjamin, Russia.
*0'Meara, Ray Morgan, Iowa.
Parker, Hale Giddings, Jr., III.
Parson, John Moore, Canada.
Pelton, John Gordinier, Wis.
Pfening, Ernest, Jr., III.
Pickles, Nathan Corr, Mo.
Postle, Merton Mcyne, Ohio.
Randolph, Milton Fitz, Wash.
Rice, Warren Earl, Wis.
Rice, William John, ///.
Richards, Mahlon Addison, Wis.
Rogers, Neil Oscar, ///.
Rose, Leonard Adam, N. D.
•Roseland, Levi A., ///.
*Roseland, Luther M., III.
Rowland, Thomas Jefferson, Ark.
Sheetz, Roscoe Martin, ///.
Skinner, Claud Wm. Harris, N. S.
Shoore, Leo Abraham, III.
Smith, George Edwin, ///.
Stamp, Joseph William, Ind.
Stander, William Albert, Mich.
Stenborg, Jno. Adoiph A., Minn.
Swords, Collins Ward, La.
Tull, Allison Lee, A.B., III.
Tuttle, Merle Harrison, Mich.
Ulvestad, George Elmer, Minn.
Unseitig, Clyde, III.
Urbanowicz, Henry John, ///.
f Utendorfer, George Wilbur, Minn.
'Van Demark, Frank Ervin, S. D.
Vaughan, Charles Homer, Mich.
Vyverberg, Arnold Elmer, Iowa.
Young, Roy Mercer, ///.
Barlow, Harry Edgar, Pa.
Bates, Lewis George, Pa.
Blogg, Joseph P., Ariz.
Burdick, Warren Root, 77/.
Collins, Thomas James, Mo.
Crook, H. R., Wash.
Dalrymple, John Hamilton, D.D.S.,
Elder, Charles M., Iowa.
English, Charles H., Nebr.
File, A. H., ///.
Huther, William F., Ohio.
Irons, Charles Glenn, W. Va.
Jensen, Harold B., Minn.
Langton, George Atherton, Utah.
Leonharat, Paul A., Ark.
Lott, D. Webster, III.
Lounsberry, C. R., Iowa.
Molander, Charles O., ///.
Prindle, Arthur B., Wis.
Robinson, E. N., ///.
Australia. Schmidt, Harry, Iowa.
Sexsmith, C. W., Ind.
Sollenberger, H. N., Ohio.
Starkey, Russell H., III.
Tapp, Ralph W., Nebr.
Thompson, Oscar C, III.
Tigerstedt, Severin Vandalia G., Finland.
Wideman, Burt W., Iowa.
Ballard, John Lewis, D.D.S., Nebr.
Barnfield, William Hugh, D.D.S., ///.
Blomberg, Ernst, Sweden.
Dormon, William Barrow, D.D.S., Ark.
Duncan, John Kennedy, D.D.S., Wash., D. C
Gates, Hanna D., D.D.S., Iowa.
Grosby, Herman Garzell, M.D., Ph.D., Mo.
Harris, Madison Curtis, D.D.S., Oregon.
Henderson, Frank Beckett, D.D.S., Kas.
John, Robert McCormick, D.D.S., III.
Kulander, Flenry, D.D.S., Iowa.
Lamby, Nils Iwan, Sweden.
Lemieux, Louis N., D.D.S., L.D.S., Canada.
Lynch, Homer Marion, D.D.S., Ga.
McCrummen, Farrar, D.D.S., Ala.
May, Reuel, D.D.S., Miss.
O'Connell, Thomas Wm., L.D.S., Canada.
Ogilvie, Robert Adam. D.D.S., N. D.
Prensky, William Samuel, D.D.S., N. Y.
Robinson, Frank Sidney, D.D.S., Fla.
Shaw, Alexander Lester, L.D.S., India.
Snyder, James Berd, D.D.S., Ohio.
Stansbery, Claudius J., D.D.S., Wash.
Walker, William Gardner, D.D.S., Tenn.
Welch, Frank Morton, D.D.S., Ind.
•Did not complete course.
RECAPITULATION OF STUDENTS BY STATES AND
States or Count tics.
British Columbia . .
District of Columbia.
Seniors. Juniors. Freshnu
New York ....
New Zealand .
North Dakota .
South Dakota .
Washington . . .
DENTAL SCHOOL 39
THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF NORTHWESTERN
UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL.
OFFICERS FOR 1909-1910.
Dr. J. P. Smith, Chicago President
Dr. L. W. Strong, Chicago Vice-President
Dr. P. B. D. Idler, Chicago Secretary-Treasurer
Dr. C. A. Young, Chairman. 9138 Commercial Ave.. South Chicago,
Dr. J. A. Dinwiddie, Lowell, Indiana.
Dr. A. D. Black, Marshall Field Bldg., Chicago.
EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE NORTHWESTERN DENTAL
G. V. Black, M.D., D.D.S.. Sc.D., L.L.D., Supervising Editor.
Charles R. Baker, D.D.S... Editor.
The annual clinics will be held Tuesday, June 13, 1910, at the Uni-
Through the medium of the Journal we have aroused a keener
interest among the members of our Association.
All are requested to send in material of interest. The Journal will
serve as a medium for the exchange of friendly greetings. A new
interest will thus be aroused, and still better work done and more ac-
complished by our Association in the future.
All members of the Association in good standing will receive the
Journal. The payment of their dues, annually, fifty cents, secures the
Journal without additional cost.
Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental School may
become a member of the Alumni Association upon payment of the
membership fee of one dollar, and fifty cents annually.
We ask that the Alumni will support this undertaking even stronger
than in the past, and cooperate earnestly with the officers of the Asso-
ciation and the Journal staff in making our official publication a still
For any information regarding the Association, address the secre-
tary, Dr. P. B. D. Idler,
209 State Street, Chicago.
For information regarding the School, write Dr. C. R. E. Kocir,
87 Lake Street, Chicago.
C Advantageously located on the South Side of Chicago. Ad-
joining the school is Wesley Hospital, containing 225 beds.
Nearby are Mercy and St. Luke's Hospitals, with 400 beds
each. In addition to these closely associated hospitals, ward-
walks and clinics are given in People's, Provident, Chicago
Lying-in, and Cook County Hospitals. A new Dispensary,
one of the finest structures of its kind. Well equipped labora-
tories, instruction to small sections in order to secure individual
training, a graded curriculum, high scholastic requirements.
For Catalogue and Information, address
The Registrar, 2431 Dearborn Street
SCHOOL OF PHARMACY
Practical Courses for the Training of Pharmacists
Special Courses for Food, Drug, and Sanitary
STRONG FACULTY, COMPLETE EQUIPMENT
AND SOUND CURRICULUM
Next Term Begins September 19, 1910
Send for Bulletin
87 Lake Street : : : Chicago, Illinois
ABRAM WINEGARDNER HARRIS
Sc. D., LL. D., President
Special announcements of the several
departments of the University may be
had on application. Address inquiries
to the following:
COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS the Registrar
University Hall, Evanston, Illinois
MEDICAL SCHOOL the Secretary
2421-2437 Dearborn Street, Chicago
LAW SCHOOL the Secretary
Northwestern University Building, Chicago
SCHOOL OF PHARMACY the Secretary
Northwestern University Building, Chicago
DENTAL SCHOOL the Secretary
Northwestern University Building, Chicago
SCHOOL OF MUSIC the Secretary
Music Hall, Evanston, Illinois
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING the Registrar
Swift Hall of Engineering, Evanston, Illinois
SCHOOL OF COMMERCE the Secretary
Northwestern University Building, Chicago
EVANSTON ACADEMY Evanston, Illinois
Nathan Wilbur Helm, A. M., Principal
GRAND PRAIRIE SEMINARY Onarga, Illinois
Henry Hoag Frost, A. B., President
ELGIN ACADEMY Elgin, Illinois
George Newton Sleight, A. B., B. Pd., Principal
For general information address the President, 87 Lake
Street, Chicago, Illinois.
BULLETIN is published by the
University weekly during the acad-
emic year at Evanston, Illinois. Entered at
the postoffice at Evanston, Illinois, as second
class mail matter under the act of Congress
of July 16, 1904.
VOLUME X JUNE 28, 1910 NUMBER 20